Like Asana, Pranayama, Kriya, etc. Mudra is a part of Yoga. Hatha Yoga Pradeepika states
Which means Mudra is that (posture) which gives us Joy. Mudras have a more immediate and robust impact on the body, mind, energy, emotions, etc. Mudras can be performed individually or in combination with Asana or Pranayama etc.
Hasta Mudra is a part of various Yoga Mudra, wherein Hasta means hand. Hasta Mudra are various gestures made by hand (fingers).
How Hasta Mudra works:-
According to Yoga & Ayurveda human body is composed of the Panchamahabhoota (The Five Basic Elements), which are Prithvi (Earth), Agni (Fire), Jal (Water), Vayu (Air) & Akash (Space). Any imbalance of one or more of these elements causes disease.
Five fingers of both your hands represent these five elements (As shown in the photo). By keeping the fingers and thumb in various positions, one can balance, increase, or decrease one or more of these five elements to restore the state of balance in them, thereby curing the disease.
Prana is a vital energy. This mudra helps to improve the prana in your body. This is one of the critical mudra in Hasta mudra.
How to do
Touch the tip of the little finger and ring finger to the tip of the thumb. You can practice this mudra for 5-15 min.
This mudra is also known as Sanjeevani Mudra or Heart Mudra as it can save a person from a Heart attack, and it helps to reduce various heart issues.
How to do
Touch the tip of the index finger to the base of the thumb. Join the tip of the middle finger and ring finger with the tip of the thumb.
Jnana mudra -
Jnana Mudra or Gyaan Mudra is a very powerful mudra. Since it has a very positive impact on the nervous system, endocrine system, and mind, we have seen many rishis; yogis, etc. use this mudra during meditation.
How to do -
Touch the tip of the index finger to the tip of the thumb.
Devidatta Sukhatankar writes this article. He is an international Yoga Teacher having an experience of more than 15 years. He is also a Reiki Master and a Naada Yogi. He has a Youtubechannel - Yoga ByDevidatta with over 29,000 subscribers and more than 2.5 million views.